Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS)

The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) is a performance measure that assesses emotional awareness within a cognitive-developmental framework. Structurally parallel to Piaget's stages of cognitive development, this model holds that awareness of one's own and others' emotions progresses in a hierarchically ascending order of 1) physical sensations; 2) action tendencies; 3) single emotions; 4) blends of emotion; and 5) blends of blends of emotion. The scale poses evocative interpersonal situations and elicits descriptions of the emotional responses of self and others which are scored using specific structural criteria. 

Contact Information

Please contact Richard Lane at lane@email.arizona.edu for information and permission for use of this copyrighted scale.

Citation Details

Lane R, Quinlan D, Schwartz G, Walker P, Zeitlin S: The levels of emotional awareness scale: A cognitive-developmental measure of emotion. Journal of Personality Assessment 55:124-134, 1990.

Recent Publications

  • Subic-Wrana C. Beutel ME. Garfield DA. Lane RD. Levels of Emotional Awareness: a model for conceptualizing and measuring emotion-centered structural change. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 2011; 92:289-310.
  • Consoli SM Lemogne C, Roch B, Laurent S, Plouin P-F, Lane RD. Differences in emotion processing in patients with essential and secondary hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension 2010; 23:515-521.
  • Subic-Wrana C, Beutel M, Knebel A, Lane RD. Theory of mind and emotional awareness deficits in somatoform patients. Psychosomatic Medicine 2010; 72: 404-411.